Food Safety Systems Glossary of Terms

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There are currently 25 terms in this directory beginning with the letter F.
Feed
Any single or multiple materials, whether processed, semi-processed, or raw, which is intended to be fed directly to food-producing animals.

Food
1. Any substance, usually of animal or plant origin, intentionally consumed by humans, whether processed, partially processed or unprocessed. May include water, alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, materials included in a processed food product and any other substance identified by regulation (legislation) as a food.

2. Substance (ingredient), usually of animal or plant origin, whether processed, semi-processed or raw, which is intended for consumption, and includes drink, chewing gum and any substance which has been used in the manufacture, preparation or treatment of “food” but does not include cosmetics or tobacco or substances (ingredients) used only as drugs.
  • food is intended for consumption by humans and animals, and includes feed and animal food;
  • feed is intended to be fed to food-producing animals;
  • animal food is intended to be fed to non-food-producing animals, such as pets.

Formula
An exhaustive description of the quantity and quality of raw materials to be used to process the products, as required in customer specifications.

Facility
The site’s premises at its street address. The production, manufacturing, or storage area where a product is produced, processed, packaged, and/or stored, and includes the processes, equipment, environment, materials, and personnel involved. The facility must be managed and supervised under the same operational management. The facility is the site audited during a site audit.

Factory Inspection (versus Internal Audits)
Factory inspections are carried out by any appropriate person to check conformity with good practices including hygiene, pest control, product control, fabrication and prevention of foreign material hazards.

Feed Safety
The principles and practices applied to feed production and manufacturing to ensure that feed does not cause harm to animals or humans.

Flow diagram
A systematic representation of the sequence of steps or operations and interactions of the steps in the process of production or manufacture of a particular food item.

Food Additive
A substance not normally consumed as a food by itself and not normally used as a typical ingredient of the food, the intentional addition of which to food is for a technological (including organoleptic) purpose to enhance the characteristics of such foods. Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities. The term does not include substances added to food for maintaining or improving nutritional qualities.

Food Authenticity
Food authenticity is ensuring that food or raw materials purchased and offered for sale are of the nature, quality, and substance expected.

Food Chain
The sequence of the stages in food production, processing, distribution, storage and handling of food and its ingredients, from primary production to consumption.

Food Defence
Procedures adopted to assure the safety of materials and products from malicious contamination or theft.

Food Defense
Activities associated with protecting the nation’s food supply from deliberate or intentional acts of contamination or tampering. As defined by the US Food and Drug Administration: Food defense is the protection of food products from contamination or adulteration intended to cause public health harm or economic disruption.

Food Fraud
Fraudulent and intentional substitution, dilution or addition to a product or raw material, or misrepresentation of the product or material, for the purpose of financial gain, by increasing the apparent value of the product or reducing the cost of its production.

Food Handler
Anyone who handles or prepares food.

Food Hygiene
Conditions and measures necessary for the production, processing, storage, and distribution of food designed to ensure a safe, sound, wholesome product fit for human consumption.

Food Packaging
The finished article used to package food.

Food Quality Plan
Usually based on the CODEX HACCP method but for quality instead of food safety, food quality plans include process controls at quality points in production to monitor product quality, identify deviations from control parameters and define corrections necessary to keep the process under control.

Food Raw Materials
Food ingredients, additives, and processing aids used in the manufacture of a product.

Food Safety
Assurance that food will not cause harm to the consumer when it is prepared and/or eaten according to its intended use.

Food Safety Hazard
A biological, chemical, physical or radiological agent in food with the potential to cause an adverse health effect.

Food Safety Objective (FSO)
The maximum frequency and/or concentration of a hazard in a food at the time of consumption that provides or contributes to the appropriate level of protection (ALOP).

Food Safety Plan
A plan prepared based on the CODEX HACCP method, including process controls at control points in production to monitor product safety, identify deviations from control parameters and define corrections necessary to keep the process under control.

Food Sector Category (FSC)
A specific sector of the food or feed industry, or the provision of related food safety services.

Food Security
Procedures adopted to assure the continued availability of raw materials and products.

Fundamental Requirement
A requirement of a Food Safety Management Standard/Scheme that must be established, maintained and monitored by the company as failure to meet the requirement could have serious repercussions on the legality or safety of the product supplied.

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